Can Guinea Pigs Eat Eggplant? Benefits, Feeding Tips + More

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My cavy loves to nibble on fruits and vegetables, and I’ve often wondered: can guinea pigs eat Eggplant?

Yes, Eggplant is a good source of vitamin C, vitamin B6, fiber, folate, iron, calcium, and magnesium. These nutrients provide essential vitamins and minerals for your guinea pig. [1] Plus, eggplants contain antioxidants that fight free radicals and prevent cancer.

Here are some precautions I found about feeding Eggplant to your pet.

CHECK: What’s the Best Food for Guinea Pigs?

Key Takeaways

  • Eggplant is safe for guinea pigs to eat.
  • Only feed eggplant to your cavy as an occasional treat.
  • Do not feed the leaves of eggplant to cavies.

Is It Safe For Guinea Pigs To Eat Eggplant?

Eggplant is safe for guinea pigs, except for the plant’s leaves. The leaves contain a toxin known as solanine.

This toxin is found in all nightshade vegetables, such as bell peppers, potatoes, and tomatillos.

can guinea pigs eat eggplant

Solanine is a toxin that causes health issues for guinea pigs. Some symptoms include nausea, diarrhea, upset stomach, inflammation, and joint pain.

This toxin is small and won’t harm the guinea pigs. However, if the cavies eat a lot of it, it can harm them and even cause death.

You should also be wary of the high sugar content that can lead to obesity in cavies if overfed. The high oxalic acid content is also why Eggplant should be given in moderation. Oxalic acid may lead to kidney and urinary tract stones.

READ MORE: Can Guinea Pigs Have Jackfruit?

Health Benefits of Eggplant for Guinea Pigs

Eggplants are vegetables that don’t have many nutrients. However, it does have some nutrition that the guinea pigs can benefit from.

One cup (82 grams) of raw Eggplant contains the following nutrients:

  • Calories:20
  • Carbs:5 grams
  • Fiber:3 grams
  • Protein:1 gram
  • Manganese:10% of the RDI
  • Folate:5% of the RDI
  • Potassium:5% of the RDI
  • Vitamin K:4% of the RDI
  • Vitamin C:3% of the RDI

The above data is from NutritionData.

Below are some of the health benefits that guinea pigs will get from eating eggplants:

1. Brain Health

Eggplant contains a nutrient called nasunin. This is a phytonutrient necessary for the brain to function correctly and help prevent brain damage. 

2. Promote Digestive Health

Eggplant is an excellent source of dietary fiber, which is perfect for a healthy digestive system.

Fiber helps with regular bowel movements and moves food along the digestive tract smoothly.

Also, a good amount of fiber in their diet will help prevent constipation. Constipation is common for guinea pigs kept in captivity.

3. Weight Management

The low cholesterol levels in Eggplant are great for managing weight.

4. Heart Health

Eggplant improves blood circulation and lowers the risk of heart disease.

Now that you’re conversant with the benefits of Eggplant, here is how much and how often you should feed it to your cavy.

How To Feed Eggplant To Guinea Pigs?

There are several ways to feed Eggplant to your guinea pigs. One of the ways is to cut off a slice of the vegetable.

Ensure to remove the leaves as it is toxic for them. Also, make sure there is no green part in the Eggplant. If so, the Eggplant needs to be ripe enough for the guinea pigs to eat.

can guinea pigs eat eggplant

Another way is to cut the eggplants into small pieces and make a salad. Besides eggplants, you can add spinach, watercress, and lettuce to the mix.

Add a small amount of each vegetable to a bowl and mix it thoroughly. Then place the bowl in their enclosure for your guinea to eat. This is an excellent way to boost their nutrition, especially vitamin C.

How Many Eggplant To Feed Guinea Pigs?

Due to the small nature of cavies, all food should be fed in moderation.

For baby guinea pigs, you should not feed them any eggplants. At this age, the young guinea pigs should be fed on a diet of alfalfa hay and their mother’s milk.

For adult guinea pigs, you can give them a slice of Eggplant. This should be enough for them to eat as a snack.

As with any new food you introduce to your guinea pig, it’s a good idea to test to see if they have any allergic reactions.

Start by giving them a small piece of Eggplant first. Wait for 24hrs to see if they have any allergic reaction to the vegetable. If they do, the symptoms will include diarrhea and an upset stomach. Avoid feeding them any more eggplant if you notice this.

On the other hand, if the guinea pig enjoys eating it and has no allergic reaction, you can continue to feed them.

How Often To Feed Eggplant To Guinea Pigs?

You should only feed Eggplant to the guinea pigs in moderation. This is because vegetable contains little nutrition, which doesn’t benefit the guinea pig’s health.

A small slice of Eggplant is enough for them once or twice weekly.

Like most other vegetables, eggplants should only be given to guinea pigs 10% of their overall diet.

The rest should come from hay and leafy greens such as romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach. These should make up the bulk of their diet.

Here are some more tips for feeding Eggplant to your pet.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Eggplant Leaves?

Guinea pigs should not eat the leaves of eggplants. This vegetable is in the nightshade family, which has concentrations of solanine. This toxin is naturally occurring and is highly poisonous for guinea pigs.

can guinea pigs eat eggplant

The amount of solanine will vary from Eggplant to Eggplant. The riper it is, the more toxin will be in the leaves.

Therefore, to prevent poisoning your guinea pigs, you should never feed the Eggplant leaves, whether ripe or not.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Eggplant Skin and Seeds?

The seeds and skin of the Eggplant are safe for your guinea pigs to eat. Both are soft and edible and pose no choking hazard to them.

Also, it doesn’t contain the toxin solanine like in the leaves.

What are other vegetables suitable for a guinea pig?

3 Other Vegetables That Guinea Pigs Can Eat

Below is a list of some ther vegetables guinea pigs can eat, let’s have a look.

1. Romaine Lettuce

Romaine lettuce is the best variety of lettuce to feed your guinea pigs. It’s low in calories and sugar but high in vitamin C, K, and folate.

This makes them an excellent snack for guinea pigs. However, feed them only in moderation due to their high amount of calcium.

2. Tomatoes

Guinea pigs eat tomatoes as they make a good treat for guinea pigs. It’s a good source of fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate.

All of which the guinea pigs can benefit from. However, only ripened tomato fruit can be fed to the.

Guinea pigs cannot eat unripened tomatoes, tomato stems, or leaves. These parts of the plant contain a compound called “Tomatine.”

While it’s only found in small quantities in the tomato plant, it’s best to feed them only ripened tomatoes to avoid health issues.

3. Zucchini

This vegetable is high in vitamin C and many other nutrients. Zucchini makes an excellent food to feed them.

The leaves and skin of the vegetable are safe for them to eat. You can feed zucchini to your guinea pigs 3 or 4 times per week. Give them just a small slice of the vegetable at each feeding.


Can guinea pigs eat raw eggplant?

Yes, you can serve your guinea pigs with raw Eggplant. They will love nibbling on it.

What vegetables should guinea pigs not eat?

potatoes for hamster but can hamsters eat potatoes

It would help if you did not feed your cavies with cabbage, broccoli, and potatoes.


Can guinea pigs eat Eggplant? Eggplant is fine to give your guinea pigs, but only in moderation. This vegetable doesn’t have much nutritional value, so it’s not a food that you should feed them too much of.

can guinea pigs eat eggplant

So, did you ever feed eggplant to your guinea pig? Let me know in the comment section if your cavy loved Eggplant.


  • 1. Gürbüz N, Uluişik S, Frary A, Frary A, Doğanlar S. Health benefits and bioactive compounds of Eggplant. Food Chemistry. 2018;268:602-610. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.06.093
  • 2. O’Dell BL, Morris ER, Pickett EE, Hogan AG. Diet Composition and Mineral Balance in Guinea Pigs. The Journal of Nutrition. 1957;63(1):65-77. doi:10.1093/jn/63.1.65
Ben Roberts
Ben Roberts

My name is Ben Roberts, and I absolutely love animals. So, naturally, I love writing about them too! As far as my animals, I have a Pit-bull, a Beagle-lab mix, a Chihuahua, and one old cat. Each one of them provides me with a new adventure every day. And the best part is they’re all best friends. Well, except the cat when he gets a little annoyed.
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